Study of load characteristics of various types of silicon PV panels for sustainable energy efficient road pavement

Antons Patlins, Andrii Hnatov, Shchasiana Arhun, Hanna Hnatova, Vasiliy Migal


This paper presents A new approach to the creation of innovative roads. Their basis is sustainable energy efficient road pavement-a new intellectual road that is able to service itself and provide power, ie  is also a renewable source of electricity. The PV panels studies are planned to be used in sustainable energy efficient road pavement to determine their load parameters. Knowing these parameters can ensure the transmission of the maximum power generated by PV panels into the load. In such systems, the load, and therefore its resistance, can dynamically change over time. Therefore, to ensure the most efficient operation of photovoltaic modules, it is necessary to constantly monitor the ratio of internal resistance PV panels and load resistance. Maintaining the equality of these resistances can provide the criterion of transmission of maximum power to the load. The work used methods of mathematical analysis and theoretical electrophysics to carry out studies of load characteristics of various types of silicon PV panels with the definition of the most effective from the point of view of generated electrical Energy load resistance values. The analysis of the obtained results of the experimental research has shown that in order to make the operation of PV panels of series FS-100M and FS-110P most efficient, their load must is maintained within 3-3.5 Ohm. If the load resistance will exceed the specified limits, the work of PV panels this series will be ineffective. The road consisting of sustainable energy efficient road pavement is able to track road conditions, traffic, weather conditions and react quickly to their changes. It is shown how road markings can change depending on road conditions.

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