Design of acoustic signals for a seal deterrent device

Artūrs Āboltiņš, Juris Grizans, Dmitrijs Pikulins, Maris Terauds, Maris Zeltins

Abstract


During the last decade, attacks by grey seals on fishing nets in the Baltic Sea have caused considerable loss of fish catch and damage to fishing gears. One of the approaches to reduce the number of seal attacks on fishing nets is to use acoustic deterrent devices (ADDs). Unfortunately, most of the commercially available ADDs are not well suited to the deployment in the sea and require considerable additional investments. The objective of the present research is to develop a compact and cost-efficient ADD for deployment in sea environment. This paper is devoted to the design of acoustic signals for a prototype ADD. Signals from other experimental and commercially available ADDs are studied and compared. Moreover, limitations imposed by underwater environment, transducers, battery power and fish hearing are analyzed and taken into account during development of signal patterns. The results of tests conducted in an artificial reservoir and in the sea are presented.

Keywords:

Acoustic applications; Acoustic measurements; Acoustic waveSeals; Signal synthesis; Underwater acoustics; Underwater communication

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